Global Edition

BRS Golf survey highlights impact of Covid-19 on golf clubs in UK & Ireland

9.31am 25th February 2021 - Management Topics

A survey completed by over 200 golf course operators and club managers in the UK & Ireland has revealed the extent of the impact of the Covid19 pandemic on golf clubs and highlighted the challenges that lie ahead.

The 2020 Golf Operation Impact survey was sent out by technology provider BRS Golf by GolfNow’s database of over 2,300 customers and prospects in December last year, with 217 participants completing the 30-question survey. Below is a summary of the key findings.


Despite a challenging and volatile year, golf club operators are optimistic about what lies ahead. Membership was by far the biggest growth area in 2020, with 80% of respondents reporting their membership revenues are up, and 35% reporting it has increased dramatically. In fact, 11% said they had surpassed their membership capacity and had to introduce a waiting list.

The adult male category made up 66% of all new members last year, while adult women were the third largest segment (13%). Clubs also reported increases among junior, student and flexible/lifestyle members, together making up 21% of new memberships.

Clubs say the renewed interest in golf and club membership from new and returning golfers in 2020 following the spring lockdown is a huge opportunity for the game to diversify and appeal to young people and women.

When asked about critical elements in 2021 to ensure sustainability, the majority of clubs cited new membership retention as the number one priority. Many comments referenced the importance of member engagement in 2021, especially as life returns to normal and pre-Covid team sports participants decide where to spend their time and money.

A secretary at a member-owned club in Scotland said their key priority for 2021 was:

“Maintaining membership of new members in 2020 who started golfing at the expense of football, rugby and other team games.” 


A summer surge in membership revenue and member and visitor rounds followed a spring golf season that will go down in history as the worst ever experienced in the UK & Ireland. 

Among respondents, 60% of clubs reported being closed to members for three months or more in 2020; 84% were closed to visitors for three months or more, and 86% were closed to members’ guests three months or more. Most clubs in Wales and Scotland reported courses only being closed for one or two months, while in Ireland and Northern Ireland 83% of facilities were closed for more than three months.

Despite these closures 40% of clubs reported an increase in visitor green fee revenue last year. 55% of all respondents saw double-digit growth in rounds across all golfer types, with 33% reporting that rounds were up significantly in 2020. 

Countries benefitting the most with double-digit growth in rounds are those in England (+57%), Scotland (+72%) and Northern Ireland ( +50%). Wales (+37%) and Ireland (+45%) saw some recovery after the first four months, but at a lower rate. This is doubtless due to additional lockdown closures in Wales and Ireland.


The move to online-only tee bookings happened at light speed. It required generations of golfers to embrace new technologies and with it the benefit of knowing their next round was booked in a safe and convenient way.

It was the bottom 25% of courses which previously had the lowest usage of online bookings that made the biggest leaps into technology adoption. The lowest quartile of clubs saw just 6% of their 2019 rounds booked online – this leapt to 60% of rounds by autumn 2020. 

The technologically proficient, or highest quartile clubs who were already fully committed to online booking pre-Covid, only saw slight changes in booking behaviours. The vast majority, 76% of respondents, are anticipating pre-round contactless transactions are here to stay after Covid-19 has passed. The necessity of online booking has created a massive change in culture, moving mainly from walk-in bookings and cash/card payments to primarily online. This was a sea-change not only for the golfers, but for the staff as well.

The number of clubs placing a ‘very high priority’ or ‘high priority’ on technology almost doubled from just 37% in 2019 to 67% in 2020.


Unsurprisingly, the wedding and events business, society and competitions and food & beverage segments were deemed hardest hit area of golf club income streams by respondents. 81% said clubhouse F&B was down dramatically, while 70% reported a dramatic decline in weddings and events, and 64% said society and open competitions were down significantly over last year. 

Clubs with a higher reliance on corporate and society business reported total revenues were down from June through to September. 16% of respondents had more than 100 bookings cancelled. 69% of clubs that reported total revenues up in peak summer (June-September) had less than 50 bookings cancelled.


Only 26% of all clubs reported that travel and overseas visitors are ‘moderately to extremely important’ to their club. Travel-focused courses that would traditionally see a larger income from overseas visitors are, understandably, not yet optimistic about the return of visitor rounds in the first half of 2021. Only 16% stated they were extremely or very optimistic that the travel business would return soon.


Working from home received the highest agreement among golf club managers, with 71% identifying this as a key opportunity for the industry. Fewer days, if any, spent commuting to the office and the chance to alter working hours offer new-found flexibility for the office workforce to get out onto the golf course.

A manager of a privately-owned golf club in England said: “Golf in England has been handed a get out of jail free card. It is up to all of us to use it wisely and ensure that the benefits of golf: exercise, activity, camaraderie, competitiveness are promoted heavily by the governing bodies, clubs and members. It is a fantastic opportunity for golf to shed its stuffy image and embrace change to maximise the interest in younger members and women in general. The ‘stale, male and pale’ image of golf could be a thing of the past within five years if we get it right.”

Meanwhile 67% ‘highly agreed’ that future investments in technology will help courses capitalise on the consumer’s adoption of making pre-payments. If it is easy and convenient to get to the golf course, then golfer participation patterns will become more ingrained with new-found freedom.

Other critical elements for success in the coming year for club managers were: member retention, course maintenance, the delivery of the vaccine, and the ability to open the clubhouse safely. 87% of respondents reported that all or part of the clubhouse has been closed and for revenues to bounce back, food and beverage offerings are key.


Membership revenue was up among 80% of respondents in 2020, with membership retention being the number one priority for 2021.

Despite the majority of clubs being closed to visitors for more than three months, 40% reported an increase in green fee revenue.

55% of all respondents saw double-digit growth in rounds played, with 33% reporting that rounds were ‘up significantly’ in 2020.


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